excel_sheets() associate a larger set of file extensions with xlsx and are better able to guess the format of a file with a nonstandard or missing extension. This is about deciding whether to treat a file as xls or xlsx. (#342, #411, #457)
excel_format()is the newly-exported format-guessing function.
format_from_ext()is a low-level helper, also exported, that only consults file extension. In addition to the obvious interpretation of
.xlsx, the extensions
.xltmare now associated with xlsx.
format_from_signature() is a low-level helper, also exported, that consults the file’s signature (a.k.a. magic number). It’s handy for files that lack an extension.
Embedded libxls has been updated to address security vulnerabilitities identified in late 2017 (#441, #442).
Although CVE-2017-12111 and CVE-2017-2919 mention readxl, the notices clarify that these CVEs do not actually affect readxl. Both have been fixed in libxls for quite a while: CVE-2017-12111 since 2014 and CVE-2017-2919 since 2012.
xlsx structured as a “minimal conformant SpreadsheetML package” can be read. Most obvious feature of such sheets is the lack of an
xl/ directory in the unzipped form. (xlsx, #435, #437)
Reading xls sheet with exactly 65,536 rows no longer enters an infinite loop. (xls, #373, #416, #432 @vkapartzianis)
Doubles, including datetimes, coerced to character from xls now have much higher precision, comparable to the xlsx behaviour. (xls, #430, #431)
Integer-y numbers larger than 2^31 are coerced properly to string (xls, #346)
Shared strings are only compared to NA strings after lookup, never on the basis of their index. (xlsx, #401)
Better checks and messaging around nonexistent files. (#392)
$(C_VISIBILITY) to compiler flags to hide internal symbols from the dll. (#385 @jeroen)
Numeric data in a logical column now coerces properly to logical. (xlsx, #385 @nacnudus)
range is a new argument for reading a rectangular range, possibly open. (#314, #8)
n_max is a new argument that limits the number of data rows read. (#306, #281)
Empty cells, rows, columns (xlsx #248 and #240, xls #271): Cells with no content are no longer loaded, even if they appear in the file. Affects cells that have no data but that carry explicit formatting, detectable in Excel as seemingly empty cells with a format other than “General”. Such cells may still exist in the returned tibble, with value
NA, depending on the sheet geometry.
col_names are processed relative to user-supplied
col_types, if given. Specifically,
col_names is considered valid if it has the same length as
col_types, before or after removing skipped columns. (#81, #261)
"list" is a new accepted value for
col_types. Loads data as a list of length-1 vectors, that are typed using the logic from
col_types = NULL, but on a cell-by-cell basis (#262 @gergness).
"logical" is a new accepted value for
col_types = NULL, it is the guessed type for cells Excel advertises as Boolean. When a column has no data, it is now filled with logical
NA. (#277, #270)
"guess" is a new accepted value for
col_types. Allows the user to specify some column types, while allowing others to be guessed (#286)
col_types of length one will be replicated to have length equal to the number of columns. (#127, #114, #261)
"blank" has been deprecated in favor of the more descriptive and readr-compatible
"skip", which is now the preferred way to request that a column be skipped. (#260, #193, #261)
guess_max is a new argument that lets user adjust the number of rows used to guess column types. (#223, #257 @tklebel and @jennybc)
trim_ws is a new argument to remove leading and trailing whitespace. It defaults to
TRUE. (#326, #211)
na can now hold multiple NA values, e.g.,
read_excel("missing-values.xls", na = c("NA", "1")). (#13, #56, @jmarshallnz)
Coercions and cell data:
NAinstead of their integer representation. Throws warning. (#277, #263)
read_excel()attempts to coerce the string to numeric and falls back to
NAif unsuccessful. Throws warning. (#277, #217, #106)
NA(instead of the string
"error"). (#277, #62)
"Unknown type: 517". (#274, #259)
Dates in .xlsx files saved with LibreOffice are now recognized as such. (#134, @zeehio)
Many 3rd party tools write xls and xlsx that comply with the spec, but that are quite different from files produced by Excel.
Namespace prefixes are now stripped from element names and attributes when parsing XML from xlsx. Workaround for the creative approach taken in some other s/w, coupled with rapidxml’s lack of namespace support. (#295, #268, #202, #80)
Excel mixes 0- and 1-indexing in reported row and column dimensions for xls and libxls expects that. Other s/w may index from 0 for both, preventing libxls from reading the last column. Patched to restore access to those cells. (#273, #180, #152, #99)
More robust logic for sheet lookup in xlsx. Improves compatibility with xlsx written by a variety of tools and/or xlsx containing chartsheets. (#233, #104, #200, #168, #116, @jimhester and @jennybc)
numFmtId attribute is no longer accessed when it does not exist (xlsx written by http://epplus.codeplex.com). (#191, #229)
Location is inferred for cells that do not declare their location (xlsx written by JMP). (#240, #163, #102)
read_xlsx() are now exposed, such that files without an
.xlsx extension can be read. (#85, @jirkalewandowski)
The Lotus 1-2-3 leap year bug is now accounted for, i.e. date-times prior to March 1, 1900 import correctly. Date-times on the non-existent leap day February 29, 1900 import as NA and throw a warning. (#264, #148, #292)
The tibble package is now imported (#175, @krlmlr) and
tibble::repair_names() is used to prevent empty,
NA, or duplicated column names. (#216, #208, #199 #182, #53, #247).
Default column names for xlsx now start with X__1 instead of X__0. (#98, @zeehio, @krlmlr)
Fix compilation warnings/failures (FreeBSD 10.3 #221, gcc 4.9.3 #124) and/or problems reading xls (CentOS 6.6 #189). (#244, #245, #246 @jeroen)
Unwanted printed output (e.g.,
DEFINEDNAME: 21 00 00 ...) is suppressed when reading xls that contains a defined range. (#82, #188, @PedramNavid)
_x005F_). (#51, @jmarshallnz)