psych: Procedures for Psychological, Psychometric, and Personality Research

A general purpose toolbox developed originally for personality, psychometric theory and experimental psychology. Functions are primarily for multivariate analysis and scale construction using factor analysis, principal component analysis, cluster analysis and reliability analysis, although others provide basic descriptive statistics. Item Response Theory is done using factor analysis of tetrachoric and polychoric correlations. Functions for analyzing data at multiple levels include within and between group statistics, including correlations and factor analysis. Validation and cross validation of scales developed using basic machine learning algorithms are provided, as are functions for simulating and testing particular item and test structures. Several functions serve as a useful front end for structural equation modeling. Graphical displays of path diagrams, including mediation models, factor analysis and structural equation models are created using basic graphics. Some of the functions are written to support a book on psychometric theory as well as publications in personality research. For more information, see the <> web page.

Imports: mnormt, parallel, stats, graphics, grDevices, methods, lattice, nlme, GPArotation
Suggests: psychTools, lavaan, lme4, Rcsdp, graph, knitr, Rgraphviz
Published: 2024-06-27
DOI: 10.32614/CRAN.package.psych
Author: William Revelle ORCID iD [aut, cre]
Maintainer: William Revelle <revelle at>
License: GPL-2 | GPL-3 [expanded from: GPL (≥ 2)]
NeedsCompilation: no
Citation: psych citation info
Materials: NEWS
In views: Psychometrics
CRAN checks: psych results


Reference manual: psych.pdf
Vignettes: Scoring scales with psych


Package source: psych_2.4.6.26.tar.gz
Windows binaries: r-devel:, r-release:, r-oldrel:
macOS binaries: r-release (arm64): psych_2.4.6.26.tgz, r-oldrel (arm64): psych_2.4.6.26.tgz, r-release (x86_64): psych_2.4.6.26.tgz, r-oldrel (x86_64): psych_2.4.6.26.tgz
Old sources: psych archive

Reverse dependencies:

Reverse depends: AgreementInterval, BinNor, coefa, Compind, DeMixT, FactorAssumptions, fCI, generalCorr, metevalue, MOQA, MultiOrd, MultisiteMediation, PoisBinOrdNor,, SSDforR, whomds
Reverse imports: agriutilities, AID, AriGaMyANNSVR, auto.pca, BANAM, beezdiscounting, bruceR, CACIMAR, careless, ccpsyc, CCTpack, cdmTools, CensSpatial, CJIVE, CompositeReliability, condir, ConfZIC, conogive, CorrMixed, CorrToolBox, CoTiMA, cSEM, ctrlGene, CTTShiny, DEGreport, dendroTools, DescribeDF, detectnorm, diffcoexp, DiSSMod, DIZutils, drawsample, EasyDescribe, ectotemp, EFA.dimensions, EFA.MRFA, EFAtools, eRm, esem, EvaluateCore, exams.forge, FAfA, fDMA, FMAT, ForecastComb, FracKrigingR, fspe, ftsa, FuseSOM, GDILM.ME, GDILM.SIR, GeomComb, getmstatistic, GGIR, GGMnonreg, GGUM, GJRM, gscaLCA, InDisc, ionr, irtawsi, irtGUI, IRTShiny, jmv, jrt, JWileymisc, klausuR, latentFactoR, lavaan.shiny, likert, LocKer, LOGAN, lrmest, lvnet, Macarron, MAGMA.R, manifestoR, mbir, mcvis, MDBED, mdpeer, MDSPCAShiny, measr, MetNet, mgwrhw, mixKernel, MMeM, mmibain, modelDown, modnets, mousetrap, MRPC, MSclust, MultBiplotR, multilevelPSA, MVN, mxnorm, nda, ndi, NetworkToolbox, networktools, nFactors, omicsViewer, Omisc, OpenRepGrid, outlierensembles, pepe, petersenlab, prepdat, PROsetta, PSAboot, psychonetrics, psychTools, PsychWordVec, psycModel, psyntur, qgraph, qmethod, qrLMM, qrNLMM, QSutils, quest, quickReg, r4lineups, radiant.basics,, radiant.model, radiant.multivariate, RBtest, rmcorr, RMTL, rosetta, RSP, RUVcorr, sampcompR, SCFA, sdmvspecies, sdrt, semdrw, shinyIRT, ShinyItemAnalysis, SimMultiCorrData, SimTimeVar, SIRE, siren, SLFPCA, sociome, splithalf, splithalfr, STAT, STAT2, stats4teaching, suddengains, tabledown, ThresholdROCsurvival, tidySEM, TPCselect, traj, TriMatch, UCSCXenaShiny, umx, unival, vampyr, vartest, visvow, volker, webr
Reverse suggests: ARTool, bfw, BGGM, BifactorIndicesCalculator, broom, codebook, ConsensusOPLS, correlation, corrgram, corx, covsim, DanielBiostatistics10th, datawizard, DeclareDesign, dextergui, ecostats, EGAnet, elisr, EMgaussian, EstimateGroupNetwork, explainer, faux, FinTS, FSA, ggstatsplot, Gifi, huxtable, insight, ISAnalytics, KnowBR, latrend, lavaanExtra, LMMstar, mifa, modelsummary, MOFA2, multiUS, nonparaeff, pairwise, parameters, performance, plot.matrix, public.ctn0094data, rattle, REdaS, regsem, rempsyc, rliger, RSAtools, see, semmcci, semTests, sirt, sjPlot, SmartEDA, SSVS, stationery, Statsomat, superb, TAM, trend, ufs, varrank


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