Getting started

Mikkel Meyer Andersen and Søren Højsgaard

2019-02-08

library(Ryacas)

Introduction

Ryacas makes the yacas computer algebra system available from within R. The name yacas is short for “Yet Another Computer Algebra System”. The yacas program is developed by Ayal Pinkhuis (who is also the maintainer) and others, and is available at http://www.yacas.org/ for various platforms. There is a comprehensive documentation (300+ pages) of yacas (also available at http://www.yacas.org/) and the documentation contains many examples.

Example 1: using character vectors

eq <- "x^2 + 4 + 2*x + 2*x"
yacas(eq)
## expression(x^2 + 2 * x + 2 * x + 4)
yacas(paste0("Simplify(", eq, ")"))
## expression(x^2 + 4 * x + 4)
yacas(paste0("Factor(", eq, ")"))
## expression((x + 2)^2)

Or by using the corresponding R functions directly:

Simplify(yacas(eq))
## expression(x^2 + 4 * x + 4)
Factor(yacas(eq))
## expression((x + 2)^2)

Or course the result can be saved before calling the helper R functions:

yeq <- yacas(eq)
Simplify(yeq)
## expression(x^2 + 4 * x + 4)
Factor(yeq)
## expression((x + 2)^2)

And getting results out:

res <- Factor(yeq)
as.character(res)
## [1] "(x + 2)^2"
TeXForm(res)
## [1] "\\left( x + 2\\right)  ^{2}"

To include inline, e.g. \(x ^{2} + 2 x + 2 x + 4 = \left( x + 2\right) ^{2}\).

Example 2: using Sym()

xs <- Sym("x")
eqs <- xs^2 + 4 + 2*xs + 2*xs
Simplify(eqs)
## expression(x^2 + 4 * x + 4)
Factor(eqs)
## expression((x + 2)^2)
res <- Factor(eqs)
as.character(res)
## [1] "(x + 2)^2"
TeXForm(res)
## [1] "\\left( x + 2\\right)  ^{2}"