To make progress in breeding, populations should have a favorable mean and high genetic variance (Bernardo 2010). These two parameters can be combined into a single measure called the usefulness criterion (Schnell and Utz 1975), visualized in Figure 1.

Ideally, breeders would identify the set of parent combinations that, when realized in a cross, would give rise to populations meeting these requirements. `PopVar`

is a package that uses phenotypic and genomewide marker data on a set of candidate parents to predict the mean, genetic variance, and superior progeny mean in bi-parental or multi-parental populations. Thre package also contains functionality for performing cross-validation to determine the suitability of different statistical models. More details are available in Mohammadi, Tiede, and Smith (2015). A dataset `think_barley`

is included for reference and examples.

You can install the released version of PopVar from CRAN with:

And the development version from GitHub with:

Below is a description of the functions provided in `PopVar`

:

Function | Description |
---|---|

`pop.predict` |
Uses simulations to make predictions in recombinant inbred line populations; can internally perform cross-validation for model selections; can be quite slow. |

`pop.predict2` |
Uses deterministic equations to make predictions in populations of complete or partial selfing and with or without the induction of doubled haploids; is much faster than `pop.predict` ; does not perform cross-validation or model selection internally. |

`pop_predict2` |
Has the same functionality as `pop.predict2` , but accepts genomewide marker data in a simpler matrix format. |

`x.val` |
Performs cross-validation to estimate model performance. |

`mppop.predict` |
Uses deterministic equations to make predictions in 2- or 4-way populations of complete or partial selfing and with or without the induction of doubled haploids; does not perform cross-validation or model selection internally. |

`mpop_predict2` |
Has the same functionality as `mppop.predict` , but accepts genomewide marker data in a simpler matrix format. |

Examples are outlined in the package vignette.

Bernardo, Rex. 2010. *Breeding for Quantitative Traits in Plants*. 2nd ed. Woodbury, Minnesota: Stemma Press.

Mohammadi, Mohsen, Tyler Tiede, and Kevin P. Smith. 2015. “PopVar: A Genome-Wide Procedure for Predicting Genetic Variance and Correlated Response in Biparental Breeding Populations.” *Crop Science* 55 (5): 2068–77. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2015.01.0030.

Schnell, F. W., and H. F. Utz. 1975. “F1-leistung und elternwahl euphyder züchtung von selbstbefruchtern.” In *Bericht über Die Arbeitstagung Der Vereinigung Österreichischer Pflanzenzüchter*, 243–48. Gumpenstein, Austria: BAL Gumpenstein.